Waste Management Case Studies and reports
(Published by Practical Action Nepal, 2008, at http://practicalaction.org/media/download/7018)
Practical Action Nepal Office has initiated a project “Strengthening Local Capacities in Integrated Sustainable Waste Management (ISWM) in small and medium municipalities of Nepal” with the financial support from European Union under its EC Asia Eco Pro II programme and close partnership among Practical Action Nepal, GTZ/UDLE, Municipal Association of Nepal (MuAN) and WASTE. One of the major activities of the project was to disseminate best practices on sustainable waste management technologies, processes and approaches, from which it could develop and adapt the processes that are suitable in the context of urban centres of developing countries. This papers talks about a range of best practices on solid waste management from various municipalities of Nepal. It also contains the admirable initiatives of national and local NGOs/CBOs.
2. Solid Waste Management: A Local Challenge With Global Impacts. (United States Environment protection Agency at www.epa.gov/osw/nonhaz/municipal/pubs/ghg/f02026.pdf)
This paper discusses the concept of Integrated Solid waste Management. It gives an overview of the options available for managing solid waste, identifies the important issues to be considered when planning for solid waste management, and describes the link between solid waste management and climate change.
3. Strategies for Success (United States, Environment Protection agency at www.epa.gov/osw/nonhaz/municipal/landfill/coll-eff/k99007.pdf )This paper discusses the various options for waste collection, implementation of new technologies and strategies for improving service and reducing costs.
(International Solid Waste Association (ISWA) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) , 2002, at www.sustentabilidad.uai.edu.ar/pdf/ing/waste_management.pdf )
This paper focusses on the changing role of the industry in the area of waste management. As awareness on waste management grows, it also becomes evident that traditional approaches to the issue are insufficient. The goal that needs to be achieved is that of an environmentally sound, responsible and sustainable management of wastes with minimum detrimental effects on human health and life, and on the eco system.
5. Waste Management: A Case Study of Ongoing Traditional Practices at East Calcutta Wetland. Shaon Raychaudhuri, Madhusmita Mishra, Poulomi Nandy and Ashoke R Thakur (American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences 3 (1): 315-320, 2008 at http://thescipub.com/pdf/10.3844/ajabssp.2008.315.320.)
Calcutta has a unique waste management system which uses the traditional non-conventional practice for treating both the solid as well as soluble waste for its 12 million inhabitants. It not only detoxifies the waste but also generates resources for the existing society in form of employment as well as edibles like sufficient vegetable, fish as well as paddy for consumption. The elemental analysis of these products showed no metal toxicity due to their cultivation using waste resource. Thus East Calcutta Wetland can be sited as the best example of integrated resource recovery.
6. Study on the traditional Practices for Solid waste recycling in Rural Homes. Mohammed Ataur Rahman. (Presented in the International Conference on Solid Waste Management Waste Safe-2009 held on November 9-10, 2009, KUET, Khulna, Bangladesh Website: www.wastesafe.info at www.iubat.edu/centers/WASTE%20MANAGEMENT.pdf)
Solid wastes are important components for recycling biomass to return the nutrients to their origin. Traditionally, the people of the Ganges and the Brahmaputra basins have been recycling solid wastes for centuries. The practices which are followed here have scientific merit but in most of the cases, the people are ignorant about those facts. The present study was conducted in 90 rural homes of Ishwarganj and Nandail Upazillas under the district of Mymensingh. The objectives of the work were to find out the scientific rationale behind these recycling practices. The study showed that the traditional procedures which are being applied on trial-and-error basis got the effective result of supplementing organic materials to the soil. Although these effective practices have been used generation after generation, in-depth studies have not been carried out. This study has uncovered the scientific reasons behind many of the traditional practices of solid waste management.
7. Waste production must peak this century Daniel Hoornweg, Perinaz Bhada-Tata and Chris Kennedy. (Nature, Vol 502, 31st October 2013. Macmillan Publishers Limited at http://www.nature.com/news/environment-waste-production-must-peak-this-century-1.14032
Affluence and urbanization have resulted in an unprecedented increase in waste generation. The authors warn that unless drastic action is taken soon, increasing population and urbanization will outpace the efforts made to reduce and manage waste.