India: Reports and Studies on SWM

1. Studies on Municipal Solid Waste Management in Mysore City– A case study BY Yadav Ishwar Chandra and N.Linthoingambi
(Marshland Press, (2009)
The problem of municipal solid waste management (MSWM) is prevalent in the urban environment of Mysore. The purpose of this study was to find out the problems and prospects of Municipal solid waste in Mysore city. A detailed investigation was made regarding the methods of practices associated with sources, quantity generated, collection, transportation, storage, treatment and disposal of Municipal solid waste in Mysore city.

2. Waste management in India: Snapshot
(European Business and Technology Centre (EBTC), 2011 at
This report is based on an extensive secondary literature survey of the (solid) waste management sector in India. The primary aim of the report was to set the context for understanding the current state and future evolution of the sector in the country. Briefly, the policy framework and institutional structure as well as the challenges and opportunities within the sectors are delineated

3. Carbon Footprint of Municipal Solid Waste in Greater Bangalore By Gouri Kulkarni, Vishnu Bajpai, Sun Sheng Han, Ramachandra T. V.
(Paper presented at LAKE 2012: National Conference on Conservation and Management of Wetland Ecosystems, November 2012.

Carbon footprint refers to the quantity of carbon emitted from anthropogenic sources. Municipal solid waste plays a significant role in carbon footprint of urban society. Municipal solid waste mainly consists of degradable materials and non-degradable materials. The increasing municipal solid waste generation along with the high fraction of organic waste and its unscientific disposal is leading to emission of methane in the atmosphere. This paper provides the information on both quantity and composition of residential waste and how it is important to enhance the existing sustainable solid waste management systems as well as the planning and infrastructure for household waste treatment.

4. Solid Waste Collection and Segregation: A Case Study of MNIT Campus, Jaipur. By Vipin Upadhyay, Jethoo A.S, Poonia M. P.
(International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology (IJEIT), Volume 1, Issue 3, March 2012 at
This study was done to find out the problems and prospects of solid waste at MNIT, Jaipur. A detailed investigation was made regarding the methods of practices associated with source, quantity generated, collection, transportation, storage, treatment and disposal of solid waste in the MNIT Campus.

5. Project Note: Innovative Approaches to Solid Waste Management in India Focus on Private Sector Participation (Indo-US Financial Institutions Reform and Expansion Project – Debt Market Component FIRE (D), February 1999 at
As the challenge of providing urban environmental services in India’s cities grows, urban managers are looking towards the option of private sector participation This Project Note describes innovations and lessons learned in several Indian cities, and discusses efforts of the FIRE (D) Project to help cities take a strategic approach to solid waste management and develop commercially viable solid waste management projects in the cities of Surat, Kolhapur and Tiruppur.

6. Municipal solid waste management in Indian cities – A review By Mufeed Sharholy , Kafeel Ahmad , Gauhar Mahmood , R.C. Trivedi
(Waste Management 28, 459–467, Science Direct, Elsevier, 2007 at
This study attempts to provide an exhaustive review of the characteristics, generation, collection and transportation, disposal and treatment technologies of MSW practiced in India. While it seeks to evaluate the present waste management systems, it also tries to identify some of the major problems. The advantages and limitations of some of the technologies used for treatment of MSW have been highlighted.

7. Improving Municipal Solid Waste Management in India -A Sourcebook for Policy Makers and Practitioners By Da Zhu, P. U. Asnani, Chris Zurbrügg, Sebastian Anapolsky, Shyamala Mani
(World Bank Institute, WBI Development studies, World Bank, 2008 at )
This book analyses the issues related to Solid Waste Management in India. It looks at issues from a technical perspective and suggests policy changes that can help local government officials and solid waste managers come to grips with a range of challenges like financial capacity and management, involvement and education of stakeholders, and strengthening of institutions.

8. Solid Waste Management in the Slums and Squatter Settlements in the City of Bangalore By Dr. Krishne Gowda, Dr. Chandrashekar M. N, Prof. Sridhara M. V., Dr. Hemalatha B. N.
(International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 3, Issue 2, February 2013 at
Slums and squatter settlements are characterized by a gross deficiency of basic services such as proper housing, provision and supply of safe potable water, sanitation facilities such as latrines and disposal of human excreta, drainage of sewage water, paved roads and so on. Often, even rain water does not get drained off from these regions. In the absence of these facilities, the quality of life in slums and squatter settlements is highly miserable. It is therefore essential for the local government to provide effective waste management services. In this paper the , the authors describe the existing state and identify the shortcomings in various aspects of SWM and propose improved planning strategies which will make for a cleaner and more aesthetic city, reducing environmental pollution and protecting precious groundwater and land resources in the city of Bangalore.

9. Exploring the potential of Decentralised solid waste management in New Delhi By Rozita Singh, (TERI University, 2013 at )
This study seeks to look at the prospects and constrains in waste management and disposal and also the various alternatives that the New Delhi Municipal Corporation is looking at. Its primary focus is to prove the effectiveness of a decentralized approach to waste management and disposal through case studies.

10. Municipal Solid Waste Management in India: Present Practices and Future Challenge By Sunil Kumar ,(2005 at
This paper evaluates the existing Municipal Solid Waste Management system in India based on published information and the National Environmental Engineering research Institute’s (NEERI) expertise towards MSWM. It presents an approach to design a sustainable MSWM system to meet future challenges. Some best practises in the field and the efforts of community based organizations to promote integrated waste management in large cities have been discussed. It also touches upon the lessons learnt from EXNORA’s Zero waste Management scheme in south Indian cities.

11. Towards a sustainable waste management system for Bangalore By H N Chanakya, T. V. Ramachandra and Shwetmala at
Ineffective solid waste treatment systems and lack of public participation in waste management are significant problems that plague Bangalore. In this paper, the authors look at the possibility of decentralization of the waste management system to make it more effective and sustainable.

12. Waste management: A New Paradigm. By John Jacob Puthur , Commander, Indian Navy (Retired), Charge Hydrographer
The author discusses the need for a holistic approach to deal with different categories of waste namely domestic waste, industrial waste and agricultural waste. He elaborates the issue of taking responsibility for the waste we generate and well as the need to establish a viable system for accounting and treatment of all the waste generated by us.